ROCHESTER, seaport in S.E. England. Jews are recorded here from 1187 onward and are mentioned as a group in 1231. At the entrance to the cathedral chapter house, there is a fine specimen of the conventional medieval statues representing Church and Synagogue, the latter as a dejected female bearing a broken staff and the Ten Commandments. In modern times, Rochester lost its primacy as a port to adjacent chatham . No organized Jewish community remains in Rochester today. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Jacobs, Jews of Angevin England (1893), index; Rigg-Jenkinson, Exchequer, index; Edwards, in: JHSET, 18 (1958), 66f. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Skinner (ed.), The Jews in Medieval Britain (2003). (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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